The DNA PRA Lists that so many Glen of Imaal Terrier people around the world contribute to only happen because of the work by Bochum in Germany and Cornell in the United States. The “head honchos” of both organisations have now delivered presentations to breed enthusiasts and, if interested, anybody can now have the story of how the Adam 9 gene mutation was discovered. The talk by Dr Acland is available from Susan Blum firstname.lastname@example.org . The cost is 10 dollars if in the US but it can be sent worldwide. The Prof. Epplen talk is on the EFG website.
Over the past few months the question in the minds of many Glen of Imaal Terrier breeders has been a genetic one. The breed has been so fortunate having two places (Cornell & Bochum) looking in the PRA problem and unbelieveably both declared success but was it the same gene causing the mutation that both had found? The only way to know was when both organisations published; below is the epublication from Bochum.
Generalized progressive retinal atrophy in the Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier is associated with a deletion in the ADAM9 gene.
Department of Human Genetics, Ruhr University, Universitätsstrasse 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany.
Generalized progressive retinal atrophy (gPRA) belongs to a group of inherited retinal diseases which are associated with gradual vision loss in various dog breeds, including the Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier (GIT). By genome-wide homozygosity mapping using SNP arrays and fine mapping of candidate regions, we assigned the gPRA candidate locus in this breed to canine chromosome 16. The respective region is syntenic with human chromosome 8 comprising the ADAM metallopeptidase domain 9 (ADAM9) gene. ADAM9 represents a strong candidate gene for canine retinal disease because mutations have previously been shown to cause autosomal recessively inherited human cone-rod dystrophy, a retinal disorder affecting photoreceptor function. Sequence analysis of ADAM9 in affected and carrier GITs revealed a deletion of exons 15 and 16 which alters the reading frame leading to a premature stop codon. This mutation was absent from 34 other dog breeds. A variable and, at times, very late onset of gPRA was confirmed in GITs by a relatively mild retinal degeneration at an advanced age. Hence, the identification of the genetic defect underlying gPRA in the GIT represents a suitable model for cone-rod dystrophy of humans, with superior potential to elucidate functional consequences of the recently described null mutations in the human ADAM9 gene. Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Ltd.